‘Research suggests that ‘Duh’ -the very modern catchphrase of Homer Simpson – may have prehistoric origins, because of the shape and mechanics of the mouth, throat and other parts of the vocal tract. Computer Models of the Evolution of Speech. This talk presents data on the evolution of speech and on the way in which computer models can be useful in understanding it. Speech is the physical (acoustic) signal used for language. There is nowadays evidence from a number of sources — paleontology, biology, ethology, linguistics, psychology etc. — that sheds light on how speech and consequently
language can have evolved. However, the evolution of speech is a complex process that involves interaction between a cultural system (language) and a biological system (the agents that use it). It also involves interactions between the agents themselves, for example in the form of co-evolution of adult language behavior and child language evolution. The talk will consist of an introduction about the data pertinent to the evolution of speech, and a demonstration of a number of computer models that the presenter has used for investigating the evolution of speech, along with a discussion of their results. About Bart de Boer; Bart de Boer works at the institute of phonetic sciences on the NWO-vidi project modelling the evolution of speech. Bart de Boer’s Research; My research interest is in the evolution of speech. More precisely, I use computer models to investigate the evolution of speech – that is, the physical signal used to convey language. I am interested in both cultural evolution of languages and biological evolution of adaptations for language. At the moment I spend most of my time investigating the role of air sacs in the evolution of the vocal tract. I used to be “universitair docent” (assistant professor) of cognitive robotics
at the AI department of the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (University of Groningen). Now I am NWO-vidi researcher at the universiteit van Amsterdam. News from: The University of Groningen, located in the city of Groningen, was founded in 1614. It is one of the oldest universities in the Netherlands as well as one of its largest. Since its inception more than 100,000 students have graduated. It is a member of the distinguished Coimbra Group.The University of Groningen has nine faculties, nine graduate schools, 27 research centres and institutes, and more than 175 degree programmes. The University of Groningen is organized in nine faculties that offer programmes and courses in the fields of Humanities, Social Sciences, Law, Economics and Business, Spatial Sciences, Life Sciences, and Natural Sciences and Technology. Each faculty (cf., College in the USA or School in Europe) is a formal grouping of academic degree programmes, schools and institutes, discipline areas, research centres, and/or any combination of these drawn together for educational purposes. Each faculty offers Bachelor’s, Master’s, PhD, and Exchange programmes, while some also offer short certificate courses.
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