Teotihuacan is a Mystery. Secrets in Mexico tunnel

Archeologists are unearthing a 2,000-year-old tunnel outside bustling modern day Mexico City searching for clues to one of the region’s most influential former civilizations.The First Century of Research at Teotihuacan will be Celebrated.  The most visited archaeological site of Mexico, Teotihuacan, was opened to public 100 years ago, in September 13th 1910, after exploration, excavation, restoration and conservation work conducted by archaeologist Leopoldo Batres from 1905 to 1910. Since then, the Prehispanic city has undergone continue research conducted by Batres, Manuel Gamio, Sigvald Linne, Alfonso Caso, Pedro Armillas, Eduardo Nogera, Ignacio Bernal, Jorge Acosta, Ruben Cabrera, Eduardo Matos, Guadalupe Mastache, Juan Vidarte and Laurette Sejourne, among others.    Explorations have

lead to the recent finding at la Ciudadela of a tunnel more than 1,800 years old, project in charge of INAH archaeologist Sergio Gomez. To commemorate the first century of scientific investigations at the site part of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) List of World Cultural Heritage since 1987, the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) has organized academic activities that will begin in September 23rd when a commemorative plaque will be unveiled.Conferences will take place in September 23rd and 30th, as well as in October 7th, with the participation of remarkable archaeologists that have developed research at Teotihuacan, as Eduardo Lopez Moctezuma, Ruben Cabrera, Alejandro Villalobos, Linda Manzanilla and Arturo Menchaca, among others, who will create a historical panorama of the most relevant archaeological findings registered in the last 100 years. In September 23rd 2010 the exhibition “Museo de Sitio, 100 Años de Historia” (Site Museum, 100 Years of History) will be opened, gathering 32 historical photographs from the INAH National Photo Library, The National Library of Anthropology and History and the National Newspaper Library of Mexico. The exhibition is to be opened until November 2010 at the Site Museum. Celebrations include talks and visits designed for youngsters and children

from communities near the Prehispanic city. From September to December 2010, authorities of the archaeological site will guide groups of students from nearby primary schools, to invite them to know and value their cultural heritage.The exhibition “Tras la Huella de Tlaloc” (Following the imprints of Tlaloc), organized by INAH and UNAM (National University of Mexico) is also part of the commemorations and will be open from November 2010 to May 2011. The fundamental features of Tlaloc were found in Teotihuacan at first, and this will be the first multimedia exhibition displayed at the archaeological zone. Teotihuacan, City of Gods available in the Internet. “Teotihuacan, City of Gods” is one of the most expected exhibitions of 2009, and the micro site www.inah.gob.mx/ciudaddelosdioses is ready to be a complementary didactic tool to the show presented at the National Museum of Anthropology (MNA). The on-line virtual visit will help make the real visit a more pleasant one.Students that visit the exhibit can navigate the site later and avoid having to write down notes at the museum. Teotihuacan was one of the largest cities in its time (150 BC – 650 DC), just smaller than Constantinople and Alexandria. Computer graphics mark the route of “Teotihuacan, City of Gods” through different European museums until March 2011. Thematic axis and

staging registration cards are listed, and the recreation of the Moon Pyramid Burial number 2, consisting in a sacrificed individual with its hands tied up and an offering of several animals, is also available. This Internet space represents the interest of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) to make known its cultural activities in archaeological zones and museums in an efficient and timely way.  The update of INAH official site, started more than 2 years ago, has allowed reducing distance between INAH and its public. The case of “Czars, Art and Culture of the Russian Empire” exhibition site is a good example, achieving nearly 95,000 visits during the time the show was open at the MNA. It is expected “Teotihuacan, City of Gods” site to have more virtual visits. Www.inah.gob.mx/ciudaddelosdioses offers Spanish and English multimedia experiences, including images of the most remarkable pieces exhibited (that may be downloaded), video and audio files, as well as news and information that can be printed or e-mailed.“Teotihuacan, City of Gods” is the most complete exhibition ever gathered about Teotihuacan culture; its 400 masterworks come from 10 different Mexican museums. Visitors will be able to achieve a better perspective of a society that dwelled

the great Prehispanic city, through themes that reveal important aspects such as their ideology, power, architecture, art and other social aspects.“Teotihuacan, City of Gods” is a traveling exhibition. It was presented recently at the Nave Lewis of Parque Fundidora, in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, and until August 2009, at the National Museum of Anthropology, in Mexico City. Between 2009 and 2010, it will visit several European cities: Paris, France; Zurich, Switzerland, and Berlin, Germany.New Reading Room Specialized in Teotihuacan Opens at MNA.More than 1.000 volumes with research and theoretical proposals regarding Teotihuacan are available at the National Library of Anthropology and History (BNAH) new reading hall. The offer includes a wide range of publications, from ancient copies to exceptional contributions to this culture’s knowledge.The space was created with the aim to accompany “Teotihuacan, City of Gods” exhibited at the National Museum of Anthropology (MNA) that shares facilities with the BNAH. The reading hall is open from May 26th to late August 2009. Julieta Gil, director of BNAH, informed that the project is designed to generate rapprochement with visitors of the exhibition. “It complements the museographic discourse and allows readers to ‘get into time’, contributing with multiple information possibilities”.Food, customs, mural painting, ancient and modern investigations, architecture, calendars and restoration are some of the themes that can be consulted in publications like Antologia de documentos para la historia de la arqueologia de Teotihuacan; Economia y religion en Teotihuacan; El

lenguaje de las formas; Arquitectura y pintura en Teotihuacan and La metropoli de los dioses.Most of books available are in Spanish, but some are in English or French. Most consulted authors of the heap are Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, Salvador Guillem, Beatriz de la Fuente, Alfredo Lopez Austin and Manuel Gamio.Marco Antonio Tovar Ortiz, BNAH sub director, mentioned that opening reading halls increases the number of library visitors. “They find specialized documents such as research yearbooks or rare themes such as astrology and rituals practiced at Teotihuacan. It is our responsibility to offer advisory that answers the public interest”.The library represents an infinite information possibility for readers, to be consulted for research or personal interest. This is the space where investigators and curators documented the exhibition “Teotihuacan, City of Gods”.Tovar concluded that although the lecture hall is a temporary exercise, the heap is part of the BNAH Historical and Contemporary archives, available permanently to readers. The reading room is open Monday to Friday from 8:30 to 18:00 hours in the National Museum of Anthropology second floor. Admission is free. For further information, dial 5553 6369.News from: The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH)

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