Intelligence equal fidelity and infidelity equal?
Survey finds intelligent men ‘less likely to cheat’. But aren’t they more likely to lie? Men with high IQs are less likely to be unfaithful to their partners than their less intelligent peers, according to a researcher at a British university. Interestingly, though, there’s no evidence that intelligent women place a higher premium on monogamy than the general population. The research was carried out by Dr Satoshi Kanazawa of the London School of Economics and published in the March edition of Social Psychology Quarterly. After analysing two major US surveys that examined the IQs and social attitudes of thousands of teenagers and adults, he concluded that there was a link between intelligence and monogamy: As the empirical analysis … shows, more intelligent men are more likely to value monogamy and sexual exclusivity than less intelligent men. I’m not convinced. The problem with surveys such as these is that the respondents don’t always tell the truth. A more cynical social scientist might conclude that the distinguishing characteristic of intelligent men when it comes to fidelity is not that they cheat less but that they’re more likely to lie about it. Surely, never telling anyone that you’ve cheated — including a bespectacled researcher with a clipboard standing on your doorstep — is the smartest way not to get caught? This is particularly true in America, where wives often hire private detectives to check on their husbands. These detectives are fiendishly clever and more than capable of disguising themselves as “social scientists”. The discrepancy between the responses of clever women and clever men might just be because women in general are more credulous — it didn’t occur to the smart women tolie to the researchers, as it did to the men. Dr Kanazawa’s thinks the reason
intelligent are more likely to be faithful is because their behaviour is less determined by their biological programming. According to the theory of evolution, men are biologically predisposed to cheat because a species in which the male behaves like Tiger Woods has an evolutionary advantage over one in which the male is monogamous. But intelligent men can transcend this predisposition, says Dr Kanazawa. And there’s an evolutionary explanation for this, too. A species in which intelligent men are capable of adapting their behaviour, leaving behind their ancestral programming, is more likely to survive than one which isn’t. Sexual exclusivity is an “evolutionary novel” quality that would have conferred little benefit on early man, but which is socially advantageous in the present day. Nice theory, but I prefer mine. The ability to lie, like the proclivity to cheat, is hardwired into our reptile brains and smart men are just better at it than stupid ones. Satoshi Kanazawa is an evolutionary psychologist, Reader in Management at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Psychology at University College London, and in the Department of Psychology at Birkbeck College, University of London. He is the coauthor (with the late Alan S. Miller) of Why Beautiful People Have More Daughters (Perigee, 2007). – Satoshi Kanazawa, Current Position Reader. Highest Degree Ph.D. in Sociology from University of Arizona, 1994. Research Interests; Evolution/Genetics, Judgment/Decision Making, Political Psychology, Social Cognition. Courses Taught; Elementary Statistics, Evolutionary Psychology and Management, Intermediate Statistics, Principles of Evolutionary Psychology. Courses Taught; Elementary
Statistics, Evolutionary Psychology and Management, Intermediate Statistics, Principles of Evolutionary Psychology. Department of Management London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom. The current research of Prof.Satoshi Kanazawa interests focus on two separate areas.(1) Nature and evolutionary limitations of the human brain. What are the consequences of the fact that the human brain is a biological organ designed for and adapted to its environment of evolutionary adaptedness, not necessarily the current environment? What can and can’t the human brain easily comprehend and deal with? How do the human brain’s difficulties with evolutionarily novel entities and situations interact with general intelligence? (2) Determinants of offspring sex ratios. What are the factors that subtly influence the likelihood that parents have a boy or a girl? Who is more likely to have boys or girls, and why? What are the causes and consequences of biased offspring sex ratios? Satoshi Kanazawa, Department of Management London School of Economics and Political Science. – Satoshi Kanazawa, PhD (born November 16, 1962) is an evolutionary psychologist at the London School of Economics. His research uses evolutionary psychology to analyze social sciences such as sociology, economics, and anthropology.In 2003, in an article in the Journal of Research in Personality, he showed that scientists generally made their biggest discovery before their mid-30s, and compared this productivity curve to that of criminals.In 2006 he published an article in the Journal of Theoretical Biology, claiming that attractive people are 26% less likely to have male offspring. In a letter to the editors, Columbia statistician Andrew Gelman points out that a correct interpretation of the regression coefficients in Kanazawa’s analysis is that attractive people are 8% more likely to have girls, an error that Kanazawa acknowledges. Gelman
further argues that Kanazawa’s analysis does not convincingly show causality, because of possible endogeneity as well as problematic interpretations of statistical significance in multiple comparisons. While Kanazawa claims that the former error is “merely linguistic” and that he addressed the latter two in his initial article, Gelman maintains that his original criticism remains valid. Kanazawa has co-written three books with Alan Miller: “Why Beautiful People Have More Daughters: From Dating, Shopping, and Praying to Going to War and Becoming a Billionaire—Two Evolutionary Psychologists Explain Why We Do What We Do”, Why Men Gamble and Women Buy Shoes: How Evolution Shaped the Way We Behave and Order by Accident: The Origins and Consequences of Conformity in Contemporary Japan. He also writes a blog entitled The Scientific Fundamentalist for Psychology Today. Kanazawa is credited with coining the term Savanna principle: the theory that societal difficulties are due to the fact that the human brain evolved in Africa hundreds of thousands of years ago, a drastically different environment from today’s urban, industrial society. Commenting on the criticism directed against some evolutionary psychology theories, Kanazawa has stated that “The only responsibility that scientists have is to the truth, nothing else. Scientists are not responsible for the potential or actual consequences of the knowledge they create.” Commenting on the War on Terror, Kanazawa claimed that “there is one resource that our enemies have in abundance but we don’t: hate. Hatred of enemies has always been a proximate emotional motive for war throughout human evolutionary history.” He then offers the following thought experiment: “Imagine that, on September 11, 2001, when
the Twin Towers came down, the President of the United States was not George W. Bush, but Ann Coulter. What would have happened then? On September 12, President Coulter would have ordered the US military forces to drop 35 nuclear bombs throughout the Middle East, killing all of our actual and potential enemy combatants, and their wives and children. On September 13, the war would have been over and won, without a single American life lost. Yes, we need a woman in the White House, but not the one who’s running (Hillary Clinton, ed.)”. Controversy over Race and Intelligence. Kanazawa’s theories on race and intelligence are controversial. Kanazawa has argued that Asian cultural traditions and/or character inhibit Asian scientific creativity and that “political correctness” is a bigger threat to American evolutionary psychology than religious fundamentalism. As a result, he has been accused of promoting “racist stereotypes”. In 2006 Kanazawa published a controversial paper suggesting that poor health of people in some nations is the result, not of poverty, but rather lower IQ.In the British Journal of Health Psychology George T. H. Ellison wrote that the theory is based on flawed assumptions, questionable data, inappropriate analyses and biased interpretations. Ellison wrote that Kanazawa mistook statistical associations for evidence of causality and falsely concluded that populations in sub-Saharan Africa are less healthy because they are unintelligent and not because they are poor. Kevin Denny wrote similar criticisms regarding the IQ data and stated that African Americans should have similar IQs when compared to the sub-Saharan African population and that Kanazawa should have measured the distance between areas in a topographical fashion. sources: telegraph.co.uk, socialpsychology.org, lse.ac.uk
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